What is Functional Training?
Functional strength training is an approach that focuses on training the body for optimal performance in daily tasks or athletic activities by training and targeting multiple muscle groups instead of isolating individual muscles.
Functional Training's Focus:
It focuses on building a body capable of doing real-life activities in real-life positions, not just lifting a certain amount of weight in an idealized posture created by a gym machine.
How Functional Training Works:
Functional training focuses on three planes of movement instead of just one, and incorporates stability, coordination, balance, and agility into each exercise.
The Four Pillars of Human Movement
Standing & Locomotion:
This is the most basic of human function. Standing precedes locomotion—one must first be able to stabilize the center of mass over the base of support. Locomotion occurs when we walk or run, and thus is also very important to daily life. The above exercise involves standing, thus invokes the first pillar.
Level changes are typically non-locomotive tasks that require lowering and raising the center of mass. Squatting, lunging, stepping, extending, climbing, and flexing are all level changes. These motions are important in both athletic events and day to day life.
Push / Pull:
This pillar focuses more on the upper extremities. In real life we usually perform these from the standing position, but in sports it is often necessary to do this from less traditional positions. We try to have push/pull exercises from all sorts of positions to prepare you for any necessary motion.
this pillar is by far the most important. The human body is actually meant to rotate—over 87% of our muscle fibers are oriented in a diagonal or horizontal fashion, so when muscles contract the force produced causes the body to twist. Any movement involving swinging, throwing, walking, or running can only take place with rotation. Rotation is also often used to help generate force. Many functional training exercises incorporate rotation to prepare you for similar motions in life
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